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Ingredients and Glossaries

mise en place

Garbage in, garbage out. So true of cooking. The quality of ingredients is paramount to quality dining. And there are subtle but important differences among salts, vinegars, oils, flours, and so on. In this section we will try to explain the differences.

bookshelf

Cooking And Barbecue Glossary

By:

Meathead

Here is an A to Z glossary of barbecue and cooking terms. Some might call it "jargon," which is the specialized language that people of like mind use to communicate. Either way, get to know these terms, use them, and you'll be on your way to becoming a barbecue insider.
Steaks in clarified butter

The Science Of Clarified Butter and Ghee

By:

Meathead

Do you know the difference between clarified butter and ghee? Longer cooking! That's it. Ghee whiz! Read on to see a recipe for clarified butter and ghee, and why this simple process raises the smoke point so you can fry in clarified butter or ghee and so you can store it at room temperature without it going rancid.

The Science Of Chiles, Peppers, And Hot Sauces

By:

Meathead

Chile, chili, chilli, chilies, bell pepper, black pepper, paprika, aji, capsicum, chiles pasado, pimento, pimiento...what's the difference? Let's straighten this out. Read all about capsaicin, Scoville Heat Units, taming the heat, various hot sauces, hot pepper pastes and condiments, and how to make red pepper flakes.

The Science of Chocolate

By:

Meathead

Here's what you need to know about cacao pods, cocoa powder, cocoa butter, chocolate liquor, and how chocolate is made, including the different types of chocolate, how to melt chocolate, and how to cook with it.

The Science of Corn

By:

Meathead

Fresh sweet corn is a seasonal pleasure you should enjoy every year! Here's what you need to know about different types of fresh corn, including varieties such as yellow, white, bi-color, Silver queen, and supersweet. Learn how to buy them, store them, grill them, savor them, and cook the best corn on the cob.

The Science Of Flour, Yeast, Baking Soda, And Baking Powder

By:

Meathead

Flour is the basis of bread, pizza, pies, cakes and cookies. It can be made from grains, seeds, beans, and even roots. Here we explain the different types of wheat flour like whole wheat, all-purpose, bread and cake flours as well as the importance of measuring flour by weight with an accurate digital kitchen scale.

The Science of Garlic

By:

Meathead

Garlic makes it good! Here's what a cook needs to know about forms of garlic, including fresh garlic, elephant garlic, garlic chives, and mincing, pressing, and smashing garlic. Find out about dried forms, too, like garlic powder, granulated garlic, and garlic salt, and recipes for making garlic oil and roasted garlic.

The Science of Herbs & Spices

By:

Meathead

Here is everything a cook needs to know about herbs and spices as well as a list of essential herbs and spices to buy, how to store them, substituting dried for fresh, substituting one herb or spice for another, toasting spices, blooming spices, and other preparations that get the most flavor out of them.

The Science Of Liquid Smoke

By:

Meathead

Are you a liquid smoke hater? BBQ aficionados usually are. You might be surprised to find out that liquid smoke is essentially smoked water. It is made in a process similar to making smoked brisket and ribs! Read on to find out how liquid smoke is made, what it contains, and how it compares to real smoke.

Tips On Buying Meat

By:

Meathead

Knowing a good butcher is more important than knowing a good broker. Here are more tips on buying meat in farmer's markets and other butcher shops, understanding meat labels, freezing meat, and thawing meat.
parmigiano-reggiano

Is MSG Bad For You?

By:

Meathead

Many people think MSG is bad for you. The truth is that scientists have not found a connection between MSG and ill health. In fact, I recommend using MSG. It is an effective flavor enhancer.

The Science Of Mushrooms

By:

Meathead

It's OK to wash mushrooms. And here is everything else you need to know about various cultivated and wild mushrooms, including cremini, portobello, shiitake, chanterelle, enoki, maitake (hen of the woods), matsutake, morels, oyster mushrooms, porcini, and truffles.

The Science of Mustards

By:

Meathead

Not all mustards are the same. Here's what differentiates Dijon mustard from yellow ballpark mustard from stone ground mustard from mustard seeds and dry mustard powder. Find out how they are made and how to use them in cooking. Mustard and pork go together like peanut butter and jelly!

The Science Of Oils And Fats

By:

Meathead

Despite their bad press, oils and fats are essential to support life. Your body needs them. And it is almost impossible to cook well without them. Find out all about different vegetable oils and animal fats, how to cook with them, and how to use them healthfully.

Parmesan Is Really Parmigiano-Reggiano And Here’s Why It Is So Great

By:

Meathead

What's the difference between Parmigiano-Reggiano and Parmesan from a green can? Flavor! Parmigiano-Reggiano is called The King of Cheeses because it tastes amazing. Find out how it is made and aged to develop its "umami flavor," and how to buy, store, serve, and cook with it. Even what to with leftover Parmesan rinds!

The Science Of Peppercorns

By:

Dave Joachim

Black pepper is the most popular spice in the world. How are black peppercorns related to white peppercorns and pink peppercorns? Are black peppercorns related to red hot chili peppers too? Find out all about different peppers, peppercorns, and the different compounds that make them taste pungent.
pickles

The Science Of Pickles

By:

Meathead

What is the difference between Kosher Dill and Genuine Dill pickles? Here's your guide to everything you need to know about fermented pickles, refrigerator pickles, quick pickles, pickling liquids, pickling spices, gherkins, bread and butter pickles, half sours, and other pickled foods besides cucumbers.
Child stirring apple pie filling

The Science of Pie Thickeners

By:

Meathead

The bane of all pie bakers is soupy pie. So experienced bakers use some sort of a thickener to make their pie fillings nice and firm. Here's what you need to know about thickening pies with wheat flour, cornstarch, different forms of tapioca, natural fruit pectin, and modified food starches such as ClearJel.

The Science of Rice

By:

Meathead

Read everything a good cook needs to know about buying, storing, cooking and serving white rice, brown rice, wild rice, arborio rice, risotto, converted rice, minute rice, instant rice, and enriched rice.

The Science Of Salt

By:

Meathead

Here's what you need to know about table salt, kosher salt, pickling salt, sea salt, seasoned salt, curing salts, and how to use them. Learn also about brines, measuring different salts, and the health aspects of salt.
chicken stock

The Science of Soup, Stock, Gravy, and Bouillon

By:

Meathead

Where do you draw the line between soup and sauce? Read all about the basics of and differences between soup, sauce, stock, broth, gravy, bouillon, consomme, demi-glace, nage, jus, au jus, and pan sauce and pan gravy, including a description of mirepoix, the combo of ingredients that helps to flavor stocks.

The Science of Soy Sauce

By:

Meathead

There are different types of soy sauce, but beware of the stuff in little packets from Chinese takeout restaurants: Many are not soy sauce! Get the facts on how soy sauces like shoyu and tamari are made, what's in them, and how they bring the delicious flavor of "umami" to your food.

Why Raw Sprouts May Be The Riskiest Food In The World

By:

Meathead

Healthy food advocates often recommend eating fresh, raw foods, but raw food can pose a health risk. In fact, raw sprouts are the riskiest food in the world. Here's why.

The Science Of Sugars, Syrups, Sweeteners, Sugar Substitutes, And While We’re At It, We Debunk Raw Sugar

By:

Meathead

Find out everything you need to know about sucrose, fructose, and glucose, as well as how to cook with different sugars, syrups, and artificial sweeteners, including granulated sugar, brown sugar, turbinado, demerara, Barbados, muscovado, and more. Plus a handy guide to the stages of sugar syrup for candy making.
oil and vinegar

The Science Of Vinegar

By:

Meathead

Want to know how vinegar works? What is acidity? What is the difference between distilled white vinegar and white wine vinegar? Read on to find out all about how different vinegars add brightness to food and balance richness and sweetness.

The Science Of Balsamic: Magnificence And Deception

By:

Meathead

Confused about balsamic vinegar? Why does one bottle cost $5 and another $500? Read about the three main classifications: Tradizionale, Condimento, and Balsamic Vinegar di Modena. Find out how they are made, trade associations and labeling criteria, how to make balsamic syrup, and all about white balsamic vinegar.

The Science Of Yeast

By:

Meathead

There's yeast for baking, for brewing, for making wine, and for nutrition. Read on to learn more about the type used most often in cooking: baker's yeast. Find some good tips for buying, storing and using active dry yeast, instant yeast (quick rise yeast), fresh yeast (cake yeast), and wild yeast (sourdough yeast).

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Published On: 5/6/2019 Last Modified: 9/15/2021


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Blackstone Rangetop Combo: Griddle And Deep Fryer In One


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Grilla Pellet Smoker proves good things come in small packages

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Our Favorite Backyard Smoker

The amazing Karubecue is the most innovative smoker in the world. The quality of meat from this machine is astonishing. At its crux is a patented firebox that burns logs above the cooking chamber and sucks heat and extremely clean blue smoke into the thermostat controlled oven. It is our favorite smoker, period.
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The Cool Kettle With The Hinged Hood We Always Wanted


Napoleon’s 22″ Pro Cart Charcoal Kettle Grill puts a few spins on the familiar kettle design. In fact, the hinged lid with a handle on the front, spins in a rotary motion 180 degrees. It’s hard to beat a Weber kettle, but Napoleon holds its own and adds some unique features to make the 22″ Pro Cart a viable alternative.

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Is This Superb Charcoal Grill A Kamado Killer?


The PK-360, with 360 square inches of cooking space, this rust free, cast aluminum charcoal grill is durable and easy to use. Four-way venting means it’s easy to set up for two zone cooking with more control than single vent Kamado grills. It is beautifully designed, completely portable, and much easier to set up for 2-zone cooking than any round kamado.

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Finally, A Great Portable Pellet Smoker


Green Mountain’s portable Davy Crockett Pellet Smoker is one mean tailgating and picnic machine. But it’s also gaining popularity with people who want to add a small, set it and forget it pellet smoker to their backyard arsenal. And with their WiFi capabilities you can control and monitor Davy Crocket from your smart phone or laptop.

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